Subscribe & get the latest news in your email
blue x
Charging Technology

Is V2G Technology Right for Your Electric School Bus Fleet? A Step-by-Step guide


March 13, 2023

Looking for an innovative way to power your electric school bus fleet that contributes to a more reliable power grid and helps you to achieve your sustainability goals?

Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology may be the right solution for you.

V2G technology is a way to use your EV batteries to store energy and feed it back into the grid when needed. The technology has the potential to reduce charging costs, and can even help you to create a new revenue stream.

The best way for fleet operators to take full advantage of V2G is to apply intelligent charging management software. Smart charging software helps to maximize charger uptime, ensure the on-time departures of electric vehicles, and enable the efficient use of V2G technology.

In this article, we'll evaluate the potential benefits and drawbacks of implementing V2G with your electric school bus operations. Working through the steps set out below will help you to make an informed decision about whether V2G is right for your district.

6 Steps To Evaluate V2G for Electric Bus Fleet Operators

Step 1 – Assess your fleet’s energy usage.

Before incorporating V2G technology into your electric school bus operations, it's essential to assess your energy usage patterns. This will help you gain a better understanding of how V2G may affect your operations and the potential financial impact.

Start by analyzing your school bus fleet's daily arrival and departure times, range, driving patterns, and typical weather conditions. This information helps you to identify potential energy usage patterns for V2G and optimize your school bus fleet's performance.

To make the assessment process more manageable, a simulation tool such as the one offered by Ampcontrol is ideal. This tool can help you better understand the energy needs of your fleet and site. It will paint a more accurate picture of the potential benefits and drawbacks of V2G technology.

Step 2 – Evaluate your charging infrastructure with electric buses

The next step is to determine whether your charging equipment can support bidirectional charging. You need to allow for a two-way connection between the vehicle and the grid, as this is needed for V2G charging.

In addition, it's essential to assess whether your electric school buses support discharging, which is also necessary for V2G technology to work. This information will help you determine which buses within your fleet can participate in V2G charging and how many chargers you'll need to support bidirectional charging.

Ampcontrol offers an electric school bus report that outlines several options for school bus fleet operators looking to utilize V2G. This report includes detailed information on which electric school buses have V2G capabilities and what charging infrastructure you'll need to support bidirectional charging.

Step 3 – Consider the costs and benefits

Next, you need to determine whether V2G is a sound financial investment and whether it aligns with your district's sustainability goals.

Start by evaluating the upfront costs of installing V2G capable charging infrastructure. These costs can include AC or DC V2G capable chargers, which may be expensive. It's important to weigh these costs against the potential financial benefits of V2G technology.

For instance, you may be able to participate in “demand response programs”, which allow you to sell excess energy back to the grid during peak demand periods. In other words, you may be able to generate an extra revenue source for your district, which can be financially beneficial especially during periods of high energy prices.

Additionally, V2G technology can provide other long-term benefits beyond the immediate financial gains. For example, V2G technology can help to improve community and student health by reducing emissions from traditional fossil-fuel-powered school buses.

It's important to keep in mind that V2G technology is complex and can require additional maintenance staff to troubleshoot issues with technical experts. Additionally, using V2G technology can impact the battery life of your electric school buses, which can increase maintenance costs over time.

Step 4 – Consider regulatory and technical requirements

One crucial regulatory requirement is compliance with ISO 15118 standards. ISO 15118 does the following:

  • Governs the communication protocol between electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.
  • Enables bi-directional communication between the vehicle and charger, which is essential for V2G technology.
  • Facilitates secure and reliable data exchange between the vehicle and charger, enabling features such as smart charging, billing, and authentication.
  • Enables plug-and-charge functionality, allowing electric vehicles to automatically connect and communicate with the charger without the need for additional user intervention.
  • Ensures interoperability and compatibility between different systems and devices. It’s a global standard that has been adopted by automakers, charging infrastructure providers, and utilities.
  • Supports a wide range of charging scenarios, including AC and DC charging, and is suitable for use with a variety of electric vehicle types, including cars, buses, and trucks.

In addition to regulatory requirements, it's important to engage in conversations with your utility provider early on. Doing so will help to ensure that you have a transparent understanding of what is available for V2G programs and what the technical requirements are for participation.

Step 5 – Run a pilot program

An effective way to test out V2G technology and evaluate its impact on your operations and energy costs is to start with a pilot program. In this way, you can experiment with V2G technology on a smaller scale before implementing it across your entire fleet.

A pilot program can help you to understand how V2G technology affects your school bus fleet's operations, including its impact on charging times, range, and overall performance. It can also give you insight into how participating in V2G programs affects your energy costs, revenue streams, and long-term sustainability goals.

When running a pilot program, it's important to carefully monitor and document the results. Monitoring the results will help you identify any issues or opportunities for improvement and determine whether V2G technology is a sound investment for your district.

Step 6 – Seek expert advice

Incorporating V2G technology can be a complex process, which is why it's essential to seek expert advice. 

Consulting with industry experts and V2G service providers, such as Ampcontrol, can give you valuable insights into the potential benefits and challenges of implementing V2G technology in your fleet.

Industry experts can help you understand the technical requirements for V2G technology and provide guidance on how to optimize your charging infrastructure and electric school bus fleet's performance. They can also help you identify potential revenue streams, such as participating in demand response programs, and provide recommendations on how to minimize the impact of V2G technology on battery life.


In summary, the decision to use V2G technology with your electric school bus fleet depends on several factors, including charging infrastructure availability, regulatory requirements, and potential revenue streams. Evaluating these various factors will help you to work out whether V2G is a viable option for your fleet, gain stakeholder buy-in, and create a plan for implementation.

For more information about electric school buses, check out our report, "How to Electrify a School Bus Fleet," to learn how to electrify your school bus fleet in six steps, from funding opportunities to the operation of charge points.

If you're interested in exploring V2G technology for your electric school bus fleet, our team is happy to help. Contact us to discover how smart charging management software like Ampcontrol can help you cut costs and optimize your fleet's performance.

Related Posts
See All Posts

Learn how fleet operators use Ampcontrol

Ampcontrol is a cloud-based software that seamlessly connects to charging networks, vehicles, fleet systems, and other software systems. No hardware needed, just a one-time integration.