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Charging Technology

How Smart Charging Is Decarbonizing The Transportation Sector


July 14, 2023

Reducing carbon emissions in the transportation sector is an important part of the fight against climate change. 

Electric vehicles (EVs) offer a promising solution that can make a real difference. EVs significantly cut greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles.

As a fleet manager, you have the power to contribute to a greener future and save on operational costs by adopting EVs. But to truly unlock the potential of EVs, it's essential to implement smart charging strategies. These strategies help minimize strain on the power grid, optimize energy use, and capitalize on renewable energy sources.

In this blog post, we'll look at the role of smart charging in decarbonizing the transportation sector and discuss how fleet managers like you can harness these strategies to create a more sustainable future.

If you want to learn more about energy management and smart charging, download our new report, "Energy Management 101: How to Efficiently Charge Electric Fleets".

The Decarbonization Challenge

Tackling greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector is a pressing issue. According to NASA, carbon dioxide (CO2) is responsible for around 63% of global warming.

As one of the largest contributors to global emissions, it's vital to find ways to reduce the carbon footprint and mitigate the effects of climate change. Transitioning to electric fleets is a powerful step in the right direction.

How Electric Fleets Can Help

Switching to electric fleets not only helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also brings additional benefits. Electric vehicles are more energy-efficient and require less maintenance than their ICE counterparts. 

Moreover, as the cost of batteries continues to decline, EVs are becoming an increasingly cost-effective solution. Fleet managers can also benefit from various government incentives and programs that support the adoption of EVs, making the transition even more attractive.

The BMW i ChargeForward Program: A Case Study

The BMW i ChargeForward Program, a collaboration between BMW and utility PG&E, serves as a valuable case study in the world of smart charging. This program aimed to demonstrate the potential of intelligent charging strategies in real-world settings, focusing on satisfying EV drivers' charging needs while reducing the impact on grid infrastructure.

Key Findings Linked to Decarbonization

Several key findings from the program are relevant to decarbonization. Here are the main two points:

  • Charging optimization or charge shifting, which shifts charging from peak to off-peak times, reducing the strain on the grid and minimizing costs. Smart charging software, such as, can help to schedule and automate charge shifting.
  • Encouraging midday charging helped absorb excess solar generation, optimizing charging schedules and supporting the use of renewable energy. 

These results highlight the significant role that smart charging can play in decarbonizing the transportation sector.

Valuable Takeaways for EV Fleet Managers

The BMW i ChargeForward Program offers important lessons for EV fleet managers. Adopting smart charging strategies, means that fleet managers can reduce costs and grid impact, as well as promoting the use of renewable energy sources. 

Furthermore, incentivizing drivers to shift their charging behavior, focusing on midday charging, and investing in charging infrastructure are all strategies worth considering to maximize the potential of electric fleets in the fight against climate change.

How Smart Charging Contributes to Decarbonization

Tapping into Renewable Energy Sources

Smart charging plays a pivotal role in maximizing the use of renewable energy sources for EV charging. 

The California Independent System Operator (CAISO) has demonstrated a "duck curve" phenomenon that shows an abundance of solar energy during midday hours. Aligning charging schedules with periods of high renewable energy generation such as the duck curve hours, we can ensure that EVs are powered by cleaner energy sources, further reducing their carbon footprint.

Easing the Burden on the Power Grid 

Intelligent charging strategies help reduce strain on the power grid by shifting EV charging away from peak demand periods. 

For instance, the BMW i ChargeForward program demonstrated that optimized charging could shift 70% of home charging to off-peak hours. This minimizes the need for additional power infrastructure investments and encourages the integration of EVs into the grid.

In this way, smart charging helps to build grid stability and pave the way for more widespread EV adoption and, ultimately, a lower-carbon transportation sector.

Boosting EV Adoption 

Smart charging also makes EV ownership more convenient and appealing by improving the charging experience.  An example of this is the use of demand response programs that offer financial incentives for drivers to charge their EVs during off-peak hours. 

Offering flexible and optimized charging solutions that cater to drivers' needs, means that smart charging can help break down barriers to EV adoption. As more people make the switch to EVs, we can accelerate the decarbonization of the transportation sector and create a greener, more sustainable future.

Implementing Smart Charging Strategies for Decarbonization

Adopting smart charging software and technologies, such as can help fleet managers optimize their EV charging schedules. These tools analyze grid conditions, EV battery status, and energy pricing to find the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly charging times. 

Promoting off-peak charging and aligning charging schedules with renewable energy production are key strategies for decarbonizing the transportation sector. Fleet managers can offer incentives to their drivers for charging during off-peak hours, such as monetary rewards. Additionally, collaborating with local utilities can help identify periods of high renewable energy generation, enabling fleets to charge their EVs with cleaner energy sources.

Collaborating with Utilities 

Effective collaboration between EV fleet managers, utilities, and other stakeholders is crucial for successful grid integration and decarbonization. 

Working together allows both EV fleet managers and utilities to identify potential infrastructure improvements, such as adding charging stations at strategic locations or upgrading the grid to accommodate increased EV usage. This cooperation ensures a more robust and efficient charging infrastructure that supports the widespread adoption of EVs, ultimately contributing to a decarbonized transportation sector.

The Future of Decarbonization in Transportation

Emerging Trends and Technologies

Innovative trends and technologies, such as vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and dynamic charging, are poised to play a significant role in the future of decarbonization. 

V2G technology allows EVs to discharge power back into the grid during peak demand, helping to balance grid load and further reduce carbon emissions. 

Dynamic charging, on the other hand, enables EVs to charge while in motion, reducing charging times and enhancing the overall driving experience. As these technologies mature, they will contribute to more efficient, sustainable, and convenient transportation systems.

Policy and Incentives to Support Decarbonization

Governments and policymakers have a crucial role to play in supporting decarbonization efforts in the transportation sector. Incentives such as tax breaks, rebates, and grants for EV adoption, help to encourage more fleet managers and individual consumers to switch to electric vehicles.

For instance, there are sizable grants available in the USA for trucking businesses and school bus fleets.

On the utility side, policies that support renewable energy development and smart charging infrastructure can help to create a cleaner, more sustainable energy grid for EV charging.

The Evolving Role of EV Fleet Managers in Driving Sustainable Transportation

As decarbonization efforts continue to gain momentum, the role of EV fleet managers in driving sustainable transportation will evolve. 

Fleet managers will need to stay informed about new technologies and trends, collaborate with utilities and stakeholders, and advocate for supportive policies. 

Smart charging strategies are going to play a key part of this role. Applying technology such as Ampcontrol fleet managers can play a pivotal role in creating a cleaner, greener, and more sustainable future for the transportation sector.

To find out how Ampcontrol can help you to support decarbonization efforts in your organization, contact us today.

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EV Fleets, Smart Charging, Transportation
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